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茂名简介
作者:茂名市外事侨务局    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:16199    更新时间:2013-5-31

 

  茂名位于广东省西南部,东毗阳江,西临湛江,北接广西壮族自治区和我国的大西南,南临辽阔的中国南海。距广州320km,距湛江90km。全市陆地总面积11458km2,约占广东省陆地面积的6.4%。2012年末,全市户籍人口748.9万人。茂名市设立于1959年,现辖茂南区、茂港区、电白县和高州、信宜、化州3个县级市。2012年全市地区生产总值1951.2亿元,固定资产投资完成427.4亿元,公共财政预算收入78.1亿元。
  茂名有山有海有平原。地势北高南低,地貌以山地丘陵为主,兼有平原和沿海滩涂。平原占总面积13.8%,丘陵占55.8%,山地占11.2%,台地占6.6%,河流水面占12.6%,耕地面积7.065万公顷。茂名海岸线曲折,港湾较多,拥有水东湾、博贺湾、吉达湾等多个天然港湾,盛产龙虾、鱿鱼、膏蟹、牡蛎等,水产品年产量居广东省首位。茂名矿产资源品种多、储量大,目前已探明矿藏53种,潜在价值超过4000亿元。其中高岭土储量近6亿吨,储量和质量均居全国首位。油页岩储量55亿多吨,居全国第二位。信宜的玉石矿被誉为“南方碧玉”,是全国三大玉矿之一。银岩锡矿居全国第三,东坑金矿为广东省第二,稀土、斑岩型锡矿、钛矿属储量均居广东省首位。茂名拥有滨海旅游、生态旅游、温泉旅游、古迹旅游、红色旅游等各类丰富的旅游资源。其中,水东湾省级旅游度假区有“南方北戴河”和“中国第一滩”美称。
茂名地处北回归线以南,属热带亚热带季风温和气候,全年平均气温在摄氏22℃以上,年平均降雨量在1530-1770毫米之间,年日照时数为1560-2160小时,日照率35.6%以上。全市常年植物葱绿,生机盎然,森林覆盖率达54%。
  茂名以“南方油城”著称,以炼油、乙烯生产为龙头的石油化工工业在全国占有重要位置,是全国最大的炼化一体化基地,是广东省重要的能源、原材料和重化工业基地。中石化茂名分公司建于1955年,去年经过改扩建,原油加工能力2000万吨/年,乙烯生产能力100万吨/年。2015年通过技术改造,届时,茂名炼油能力将达到3000万吨/年。茂名以“三高”农业享誉国内外,盛产荔枝、龙眼、香蕉、芒果等岭南佳果和花生、糖蔗、蚕桑等经济作物,是中国的“荔枝、龙眼、香蕉之乡”、“全国最大水果生产基地”、“全国最大罗非鱼生产基地”,2010年被授予“中国罗非鱼之都”的称号。近年来,茂名城市规划与建设不断呈现新气象,被评为“中国优秀旅游城市”、“中国特色魅力城市”、“全国创建文明城市工作先进城市”、“国家园林城市”、“全国园林绿化先进城市”。



  茂名是国家公路运输枢纽备选城市。广湛高速已全线贯通,325国道、207国道贯穿茂名东西南北,并通过茂名大道相互接通。国家高速公路网中的一条重要南北干线包茂高速茂名段将于2013年开工建设。“十二五”后期,将修建一条湛江至汕头的高速公路,起自廉江(安铺),接遂溪至山口高速公路,经茂名的化州、高州,后经阳春、高要接广肇高速公路。
  茂名现有、在建和规划的铁路共有6条,分别是现有的三茂铁路、河茂铁路、洛湛铁路,在建的茂湛铁路,规划建设的广东西部沿海铁路茂名段和博贺新港区支线铁路。广东西部沿海铁路:该铁路,东起深圳,途经中山、江门、阳江,西至茂名。该铁路建成后,茂名到深圳、广州的时间均将降至2个小时以内,该段铁路以客运为主,兼顾货运,预计2015年建成通车。
  茂名市政府、湛江市政府、广东省机场管理集团公司,已共同签署了《湛江机场迁建框架协议》,共同推动湛江机场迁建工作。新机场选址距茂名市区约50公里,2011年5月开始项目前期工作,拟于2016年5月建成。
茂名南部临海,临港条件优越,港口资源丰富。茂名港是国家对外开放一类口岸,拥有全国最大的30万吨级单点系泊原油接卸系统和多个万吨级成品油码头、集装箱码头,年吞吐能力超2000万吨。茂名港博贺新港区拥有“水深好、泥沙少、掩护佳、建设快、造价低”的特点,可建成包括30万吨级原油码头泊位,20万吨级矿石码头泊位在内的总计76个万吨级以上码头泊位。
  茂名的水资源十分丰富,河川发育,溪流密布,河流众多,境内集雨面积100km2以上的河流有39条,最大的河流为鉴江,其次为袂花江、罗江等。茂名市多年平均径流深960mm,多年平均径流量110亿m3,过境水8亿多m3。另外茂名市地势北高南低,风化层厚度较大,河谷冲积平原和滨海平原地形平缓,形成分布广泛的裂隙水和孔隙水,全市地下水储量38.7亿m3,年可供开发利用地下水约有25亿m3。


  茂名是一座充满生机活力的滨海新城,城市发展目标定位为美丽的现代化的宜居宜业海滨城市、新兴港口工业城市和生态之城、幸福之城。为实现这个目标,茂名抓住广东省委、省政府加快粤西振兴发展、打造全省新经济增长极的重大机遇,按照“完善基础设施,推进产业升级,加快城市转型,集聚发展要素,建设幸福茂名”的发展新思路,围绕“建深水大港、兴现代产业、造滨海新城”三大任务,全面实施滨海发展战略,加快建设世界级石化基地、广东省重要能源物流基地和特色现代农业基地,着力推进城市转型,推动新一轮大发展。
  展望未来,茂名前景美好。我们热诚欢迎海内外各界朋友和客商前来考察观光,投资置业,加强交流合作,共创美好未来!

 

 

Maoming is located in southwestern coastal area of Guangdong, China, adjacent to Yangjiang on the east, Zhanjiang is on the west and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region on the north, facing the South China Sea. It is 320km from Maoming to Guangzhou and 90km to Zhanjiang. It covers a land area of 11,458 km2, which is 6.4% of the total area of Guangdong Province, with a population of approximately 7.47 million. Maoming was established in 1959. Currently, Maoming has 6 subordinate prefectures, cities and county, namely Maonan District, Maogang District, Dianbai County and the cities of Xinyi, Gaozhou and Huazhou In 2012, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was 195.12 billion RMB Yuan, the Fixed Assets Investment has reached 42.74 billion Yuan and the Public Finance Budget Income was 7.81 billion Yuan.

Maoming is rich in natural resources. It has mountains, plains and the sea. Most area of Maoming is in foothills, the others are plains and sea-side beaches. In total area of Maoming, there are some 13.8% of plains, 55.8% of foothills, 11.2% of mountains, 6.6% of plateaus, 12.6% of rivers are and arable area covers 706.5 km2. Maoming has many natural sea ports, includes Shuidong Bay, Bohe Bay, Jida Bay and so on. These natural bays and ports bring plenty of sea products. And lobster, squid, Mud Crab (Female) and oyster abound herein. The total output of aquatic products ranks the first in Guangdong Province.

Maoming is rich in Mineral Resources. Most of them have a large quantity. More than 50 kinds of minerals discovered in Maoming of which the potential value over 400 billion Yuan. The Kaolin deposit reaches 600 million tons, ranking the first in quality and quantity in China. The oil shale deposit reaches 5.5 billion tons, ranking the second in China. Rare-earth mine and porphyry-type tin mine is of large scale in China. The jade mine in Xinyi city, as one of the three major jade mines in China, is renowned as Green Jade of South. The scale of Yinyan tin deposit is the third in China, Dongkeng gold deposit ranks the second of Guangdong Province. The reserve of Titanium is the largest in Guangdong Province.

Maoming is also rich in tourist resources, include coastal tourism, co-tourism, hot spring tourism, heritage tourism and the red tourism and so on. The Shuidong Bay Tourist Resort has two laudatory names, “Southern Beidaihe” and “The top beach of China”. 

Located in the south of the Tropic of cancer, Maoming belongs to tropical and subtropical monsoon climate. The annual average temperature is over 22 ℃. The annual average rainfall is between 1530mm -1770mm. The annual sunshine duration is 1560 hours to 2160 hours and the rate is over 35.6%. Maoming is good for plantation in all seasons. Forecast area covers 54% of total area.

Known as “Petroleum City of Southern China”, the petrochemical industry of Maoming plays an important part in China which is based in petroleum refinery and ethylene production. It is the largest integrated petrochemical bases of China. It is also an important base of Energy Resource, Raw Material, and Heavy Chemical Industry. SINOPEC Maoming Company set up in 1955. After a series of expansion projects, the crude petroleum processing reaches 20,000 tons per year, and the production of ethylene reaches 1 million tons per year. The Refining Technology Development Project is under construction, which will develop to 30 million tons petroleum refinery per year. Maoming’ agriculture is famous as High yield, High quality and high economic benefit. It abounds with litchi, longan, banana, mango, peanut, sugar cane and mulberry-feeding silkworm. Maoming has a name which is the hometown of litchi, longan and banana in China; Maoming is the largest fruit production base and the largest Tilapia production of China. And Maoming has been described as Capital of Tilapia. These years, Maoming has awarded some titles, which  include “National Garden City”, “China characteristic and Charm City”, “China Top Tourist City”, “National Advanced City in Creating Civilized Cities” and “National Advanced City in Gardening”

Maoming is a candidate city of National Highway transportation Hub. Guangzhou-to-Zhanjiang expressway is totally in use. Highways from Maoming lead to all directions including state road No.207 and No. 325. They connect each other through the Maoming Avenue. Baotou to Maoming highway is one of the important highways in National Highway System which is from south to north, the infrastructure project in Maoming section has been started in 2013. In the late of “12th Five-year Plan”, a highway will be built from Zhanjiang to Shantou. It starts from Lianjiang (Anpu), connects Suixi in Shan Kou highway. It goes through Huazhou, Gaozhou, Yangchun and Gaoyao, finally connects with Guangzhou highway.
Recently Maoming has 6 railway lines which are finished, in construction and in planning. Of them the three lines of Sanshui to Maoming, Hechun to Maoming and Luoyang to Maoming have been put in to use, and the other lines, the line of Maoming to Zhanjiang has been in construction; the Maoming Section of Guangdong Western Coastal Railway and the railway in Bohe New Port Zone are in planning. The Guangdong Western Coastal Railway line through Zhongshan, Jiangmen and Yangjinag starts from Shenzhen in the east area to Maoming in the west, which the running duration will be within 2 hours when from Maoming to Guangzhou and Shenzhen. The project estimates to be finished in 2015.
 
As far as airport is concerned, a Framework Agreement for Zhanjiang Airport Relocation & Reconstruction had been sighed with the Government of Maoming, Zhanjiang and the provincial, which will promote the project. The new location of the airport will be undertaken as a 50km area far from the urban center of Maoming City. The preliminary work has been started in May 2011. It is estimated to finish in May 2016.

The southern part of Maoming faces to the sea. It has a good condition for developing Neighboring-port industry. Maoming Port is which in National Class A level. It is facilitated with 300,000-ton-SPM system (Single Point Mooring system) which is the largest in China for crude petroleum unloading. There are many over-10,000-ton wharfs for petroleum product and containers. The throughput of Maoming Port reaches 20 million tons per year. Bohe New Port Zone is characterized with deep water, less sand, good shelter, easy-constructible and low cost. The port zone has 76 wharfs above 10,000 tons, which include 30,000 tons wharf for crude petroleum and 200,000 tons wharf for stone.

Maoming is rich in water resources. There are many rivers and streamlets. Of them 39 rivers have over 100km2 domestic rainwater-colleting areas. The largest river of Maoming is Jianjiang River. The others are Meihua River, Luo River and so on. The Multi-year average runoff depth of Maoming reaches 960mm and the average runoff is 11 billion m3. The transit of water reaches 800 million m3.

The topography of Maoming is from north to south, regolith is large, alluvial valley plain and coastal plain are gently terrain, These conditions are good for forming plenty of crevice water and pore water. The reserve of ground water reaches 3.87 billion m3. There is 2.5 billion m3 ground water can be developing and utilizing.

As a vigorous sea-side city, Maoming is positioned as a beautiful modernized city by the sea, industrial port city, ecological city and happiness city. To achieve this goal, Maoming people take advantage of the great opportunity of creating a new economic growth pole to the development of Western Guangdong area recommended by Guangdong Province; according to the thought of “Improving the infrastructure construction, pushing industries upgrading, accelerating city transition, gathering development elements, building happiness Maoming”; going around three tasks of “Constructing deep-water ports, developing modern industries, building Binhai New Area”; to have a comprehensive implementation of the development strategy of developing coastal area; to accelerating the development of world-class petrochemical industry base, a Guangdong logistic base of important energy resource and a characteristic modern agriculture base. It needs to push forward the transition of city and set off a new round of development.
Maoming has a bright future. Friends and business people from all over the world are warmly welcome to Maoming for sightseeing, investment, settlement, further communicating and cooperation. Let us create our splendid future together.

文章录入:lesgo    责任编辑:lesgo 
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